With the recent rise in popularity and interest in CBD oil, it’s easy to get confused about the finer points of CBD products. One important question we get asked: does it matter which plant you get your CBD oil from? And if so, what’s better -- CBD from hemp or marijuana? Let’s get into it.
As we explained in an earlier blog post, CBD oil has been shown in studies to stimulate the human endocannabinoid (CBD) receptors and interact with neurotransmitters to promote homeostasis and reduce pain and inflammation. These traits are especially beneficial in regulating sleep, appetite, pain, and immune system response. The health benefits from CBD are, therefore vast and still being discovered--to the excitement of professionals and users alike.
Hemp v. marijuana
CBD can be harvested either from hemp or its cousin, the marijuana plant. Both plants are able to produce high amounts of CBD. But the hemp plant cannot contain THC in an amount greater than .03% while the marijuana plant may produce up to 30% THC by dry weight. Because THC is the ingredient in marijuana that causes an intoxicating effect, CBD from marijuana may produce a high while hemp-produced CBD is non-intoxicating.
As for the actual CBD components, those derived from both hemp and marijuana are molecularly identical and have the same effects on the body.
In the United States, CBD is generally produced from hemp rather than marijuana. That’s because marijuana is still categorized as a Class 1 substance, making it illegal to sell under federal law (states can still determine their own laws on the subject). Hemp and hemp-derived products, on the other hand, were removed from the Controlled Substances Act under the Agricultural Act of 2018 (commonly known as the Farm Bill), making CBD from hemp legal in all 50 states.
Hemp oil (also known as hempseed oil) is sometimes confused with CBD oil but they are distinctly different products. Hemp oil is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant and cold-pressed. Because the seeds contain no cannabinoids, hemp oil does not contain CBD (unless extracted from different parts of the plant, which must be listed in labelling). Hemp oil is sold in the form of cooking oil, lotions, soaps, and dietary supplements. Its anti-inflammatory properties can be beneficial for the skin and may help with such conditions as acne, psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis. Like CBD, hemp oil is sold as a supplement for dogs because it contains omega fatty acids and other antioxidant properties.
The major differences between CBD oil from hemp and marijuana plants are the levels of THC (only CBD from marijuan contains significant amounts) and the legality: only CBD from hemp is legal in every state.
Anyone who is looking for the benefits of CBD should be aware that the broad-spectrum bioavailability of New Leaf’s Rhinodol nasal spray is far superior to oral or topical delivery systems.